Planning

All posts tagged Planning

BBFC and MPAA

Published April 16, 2012 by Shanice Butler A2 Media Studies

At the beginning of my film trailer I have included the green rating screen. These are the type of things that can increase the status of a film trailer and show that it is professional.  The BBFC ( British Board of Film Classification) and MPAA (Motion Picture Association of America) are both classification companies. Depending on the country the film has been made in, there will be one of these two names that would  appear before a film trailer. In order to have the right ratings and understand what both of these mean, I have completed a bit of  research on this so I can gain the right knowledge and make a decision on what film raiting I should use for my final products.

The British categories are:

U

Universal – Suitable for all

It is impossible to predict what might upset any particular child. But a ‘U’ film should be suitable for audiences aged four years and over. ‘U’ films should be set within a positive moral framework and should offer reassuring counterbalances to any violence, threat or horror. If a work is particularly suitable for a pre-school child to view alone, this will be indicated in the Consumer Advice

PG

Parental Guidence- General viewing, but some scenes may be unsuitable for young children

Unaccompanied children of any age may watch. A ‘PG’ film should not disturb a child aged around eight or older. However, parents are advised to consider whether the content may upset younger or more sensitive children.

12 / 12a 

Suitable for 12 years and over

Exactly the same criteria are used to classify works at ‘12A’ and ‘12’. These categories are awarded where the material is suitable, in general, only for those aged 12 and over. Works classified at these categories may upset children under 12 or contain material which many parents will find unsuitable for them.

The ‘12A’ category exists only for cinema films. No one younger than 12 may see a ‘12A’ film in a cinema unless accompanied by an adult, and films classified ‘12A’ are not recommended for a child below 12. An adult may take a younger child if, in their judgement, the film is suitable for that particular child. In such circumstances, responsibility for allowing a child under 12 to view lies with the accompanying adult.

The ‘12’ category exists only for video works. No one younger than 12 may rent or buy a ‘12’ rated video work

15

Suitable only for 15 years or over

No-one younger than 15 may see a ‘15’ film in a cinema. No-one younger than 15 may rent or buy a ‘15’ rated video work.

18

Suitable only for adults

No-one younger than 18 may see an ‘18’ film in a cinema. No-one younger than 18 may rent or buy an ‘18’ rated video work

The American ratings are:

G

 General Audiences. All Ages Admitted.

 A G-rated motion picture contains nothing in theme, language, nudity, sex, violence or other matters that, in the view of the Rating Board, would offend parents whose younger children view the motion picture. The G rating is not a “certificate of approval,” nor does it signify a “children’s” motion picture. Some snippets of language may go beyond polite conversation but they are common everyday expressions. No stronger words are present in G-rated motion pictures. Depictions of violence are minimal. No nudity, sex scenes or drug use are present in the motion picture.

PG

Parental Guidance Suggested. Some Material May Not Be Suitable For Children.

 A PG-rated motion picture should be investigated by parents before they let their younger children attend. The PG rating indicates, in the view of the Rating Board, that parents may consider some material unsuitable for their children, and parents should make that decision. The more mature themes in some PG-rated motion pictures may call for parental guidance. There may be some profanity and some depictions of violence or brief nudity. But these elements are not deemed so intense as to require that parents be strongly cautioned beyond the suggestion of parental guidance. There is no drug use content in a PG-rated motion picture.

PG-13

Parents Strongly Cautioned. Some Material May Be Inappropriate For Children Under 13.

A PG-13 rating is a sterner warning by the Rating Board to parents to determine whether their children under age 13 should view the motion picture, as some material might not be suited for them. A PG-13 motion picture may go beyond the PG rating in theme, violence, nudity, sensuality, language, adult activities or other elements, but does not reach the restricted R category.

R

Restricted. Children Under 17 Require Accompanying Parent or Adult Guardian.

 An R-rated motion picture, in the view of the Rating Board, contains some adult material. An R-rated motion picture may include adult themes, adult activity, hard language, intense or persistent violence, sexually-oriented nudity, drug abuse or other elements, so that parents are counseled to take this rating very seriously. Children under 17 are not allowed to attend R-rated motion pictures unaccompanied by a parent or adult guardian

NC-17

No One 17 and Under Admitted.

 An NC-17 rated motion picture is one that, in the view of the Rating Board, most parents would consider patently too adult for their children 17 and under. No children will be admitted. An NC-17 rating can be based on violence, sex, aberrational behavior, drug abuse or any other element that most parents would consider too strong and therefore off-limits for viewing by their children

 

Sources: http://www.mpaa.org/ratings/what-each-rating-means

http://www.bbfc.co.uk/

Media Coursework Planning- Other Info

Published October 23, 2011 by Shanice Butler A2 Media Studies

http://cw.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415448239/film-trailer.asp

Above is a helpful link to an AS Media Studies Book. Even though I am an A2 student it explains in detail  about each step of creating a film trailer and all about the production and planning stage. It also lists the basic shooting rules, different shots and options in editing such as Fade and Dissolve. 

Media Coursework Planning- Costume and Props

Published October 23, 2011 by Shanice Butler A2 Media Studies

The costumes I am planning to use for my actors are:

  • Velvet Capes,Green and  Red for my Witch/Queen
  • All black or grey clothing and boots
  • My main female character will wear modern, casual clothing with boots or Wellies
  • Fur coats

Props I want to be included and will have to find are:

  • Plastic Swords and Shields
  • A Wand or long staff
  • A big necklace
  • Bows and Arrows

Make up

For my evil Witch/Queen type character, She will have dark, sparkly Eye  make up with bright red lips where as the heroine will have a natural base, Mascara, brown eyeliner and lip gloss.

Media Coursework Planning- Product names

Published October 22, 2011 by Shanice Butler A2 Media Studies

Being part of the Fantasy genre my three media products need to have a good and creative name which clearly reflects the type of genre the film is based on. Before I can make some possible choices I have to make sure that the names I create have not already been used and that it is totally owned by me.  After my research I have found that the titles are often named after a main location in the film or after a particular character.  I have used a program online called bubbl.us which allows you to create a mind map to any size to present my ideas of product names. I have become quite creative whilst trying to think of good ideas so it is going to be difficult to decide on which ones I should use however they could be added to the products as a quote or as the name of another article for the magazine.

Out of the ones I have created my favourites are:

Film Titles

  • Illusion
  • Tourmaline Chronicles
  • Serendipity
  • The Legend of the Spirit Diamond
  • Into the Myst

Magazine Names

  • Stargazer
  • Movie Nights
  • Full Movies- Full movies could relate to the full moon and could also be spelled as ‘moovies’ however I don’t want it to sound like the sound that an animal makes so I might keep it to the actual spelling if I finally decide to use it in my work.
  • Finding Fantasy
  • Illusion- I felt that particularly Illusion could be considered to both the magazine and Film titles.
Below is an image of my mind map with all my suggestions and how I came to find some of them.

Media Coursework Planning- Risk Assessment and back up plan

Published October 19, 2011 by Shanice Butler A2 Media Studies

As my film trailer is going to be set in a nearby field and forest I would need to consider a range of potential saftey risks that could be present on set. I have done a tabled risk assessment to identify all these things. This is extremely important as it points these out and can then be given to each of my actors so they are fully aware of the things that could hurt them and anything else they should bring along in order to keep them safe.

The back up plan is essential to my planning because i can’t guarantee that everything will work to plan so to further add on to this, one thing to take note of is  if some people are unable to travel to the designated location for shooting I will then have to move it to another local field or park such as Genses, South Hill Park or The Lookout In Bracknell as they all contain a wooded area that is required for my film and will look great.

Media Coursework Planning- Legal Requirements and Permission

Published October 18, 2011 by Shanice Butler A2 Media Studies

The legal requirements and planning permission is extremely important when using music and locations that are owned by others as well as the parental permission of any actor who is under the age of 18 to allow me as the director and producer to use their image online as part of the coursework. This is vital as sometimes parents would rather not have their child filmed or photographed. Whilst looking for more information on the matter I found a useful link with states everything that should be completed before creating a whole film. As I am not producing a whole film some of it is not relevant such as finance.

Source: http://www.law-arts.org/pdf/Legal_Issues_in_Film_Production.pdf

I have created a brief letter of permission explaining what they will be doing and what for, which is to be sent out to the parents or carers of the actors as they are all under 18. Here is what the letter looks like and says before it is given out.

I feel that obtaining all the required rights to the music i will use will be very complicated. There are a number of ways to get the permission of the piece of music which is too one contact the  musician directly or the record label.

The location I am planning to use to film my trailer is a nearby field and forest. I will not need to have permission as it is a public place and a lot of different people are seen walking there dogs through the area anyway. However if by accident a young child or other people get into the shots, I will have to be prepared with more permission forms to give to them and sign so they are comfortable with their image being used. Hopefully this wont happen as all professional film trailers don’t have any other people apart from the assigned actors. If the place I have chosen to shoot is a problem I will then have to contact the local council by email or by calling to ask if it will be alright and then hopefully come to an agreement. After i have done this i might even be allowed to section of a part that I would like to use.